Rosalind Elsie Franklin was a British biophysicist and X-ray crystallographer who made critical contributions to the understanding of the fine molecular structures of DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid), RNA, viruses, coal, and graphite. She is best known for her work on the X-ray diffraction images of DNA which led to the discovery of the DNA double helix. According to Francis Crick, her data was key to determining the structure to formulate Crick and Watson’s 1953 model regarding the structure of DNA. Franklin’s images of X-ray diffraction confirming the helical structure of DNA were shown to Watson without her approval or knowledge. This image provided valuable insight into the DNA structure, but Franklin’s scientific contributions to the discovery of the double helix are often overlooked. Watson has suggested that ideally Franklin would have been awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry, along with Maurice Wilkins. After finishing her portion of the work on DNA, Franklin led pioneering work on the tobacco mosaic virus and the polio virus. She died in 1958 at the age of 37 of ovarian cancer most likely due to overexposure to x-ray radiation.
Skye McCole Bartusiak first starred in The Patriot, starring Mel Gibson, in 2000. She later played the young Marilyn Monroe in the TV miniseries Blonde, and Don’t Say a Word alongside Michael Douglas and Brittany Murphy, both in 2001. In 2003, McCole Bartusiak returned to period drama with Love Comes Softly, and a year later she played the young Jackie in Against the Ropes alongside Meg Ryan. She starred in the “Kids” episode of the hospital drama series House, and took a lead role as Sunshine in the film Kill Your Darlings. On July 19, 2014, McCole Bartusiak was found dead in her apartment behind her parents’ Houston home. Her mother told CNN that the actress was found by her boyfriend, sitting up in her bed; she began CPR on her daughter before the arrival of paramedics, who then worked “for 45 minutes” to no avail. Helen McCole Bartusiak said Skye “had been healthy and did not drink or do drugs”, and had recently been suffering from epileptic seizures and that this likely played a role in her death. Skye was 21 years old.